ACT OF STATE INDEPENDENCE OF THE REPUBLIC OF ABKHAZIA
On 3rd October 1999 a referendum was held to ascertain the citizens' attitude to the current Constitution. On the referendum day there lived on the territory of Abkhazia 219,534 citizens eligible to vote, i.e. 58.5% of the pre-war number of voters. 87.6% of the registered voters took part in the referendum, which comprised more than half of the pre-war number of voters. 97.7% of the voters approved the Constitution currently in force. Under the Constitution and the Law of the Republic of Abkhazia On National Voting (Referendum), democratic rule shall form the basis of the state authority in the Republic of Abkhazia; the people shall exercise their power either directly by means of referendum or through their representatives.
In such a way the people of Abkhazia have reaffirmed their determination to proceed with building a sovereign, democratic State functioning in accordance with law, a subject of international law, and to seek its recognition by the international community. The rights and freedoms proclaimed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenants on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, On Civil and Political Rights and other universally recognised international legal acts are among the most fundamental principles of the Constitutional system of the Republic of Abkhazia. The Republic of Abkhazia intends to build up its relations with other States on the basis of equality, peace, good-neighbourly relations, respect for territorial integrity and sovereignty, non-interference in internal affairs, and other universally recognised principles of political, economic and cultural cooperation between States.
Proceeding from the above, we appeal to the UN, OSCE, and to all States of the world to recognise the independent State created by the people of Abkhazia on the basis of the right of nations to free self-determination.
President of the Republic of Abkhazia V. ARDZINBA
Speaker of the People's Assembly of the Republic of Abkhazia S. DJINDJOLIA
Deputies of the People's Assembly of the Republic of Abkhazia
The city of Sukhum, 12th October 1999