Southern Mongolia: Admitted to UNPO
The Inner Mongolia People’s Party works towards restoring self-governance to Southern Mongolia following centuries of oppressive Chinese rule.
The latest meeting of the UNPO Presidency, which met from 01 – 03 February at the European Parliament in Brussels, has continued pursuit of UNPO’s goal of giving a voice to all unrepresented nations and peoples, by welcoming Southern Mongolia into the organisation.
The Mongol Empire was founded by Genghis Khan in 1206, and existed as an independent state for over 400 years. Even during the height of the Ming Dynasty, Chinese rule never extended beyond the Great Wall. Not until 1634 did the empire finally succumb to the forces of the Manchu rulers of China, which eventually conquered all of Southern Mongolia.
Upon the collapse of the Manchu Empire in 1911 many Mongols hoped to seize the opportunity to restore independent rule. Whilst Outer Mongolia was consequently able to declare its independence as the People’s Republic of Mongolia in 1921, Chinese warlords succeeded in maintaining their control over Southern Mongolia, eventually incorporating it again under Chinese rule.
Mass immigration and resource exploitation ensued as soon as Chinese rule was secured, a policy which continued under the present Communist regime which has since made Southern Mongolia an Autonomous Region.
The total population of the Southern Mongolia Autonomous Region is now 20 million, with only 3 to 4 million having Mongol origin. These still however clearly identify themselves as a distinct nation, and are as such entitled to their right to self-determination. Present Communist rule has sought to discourage traditional Mongol culture and ways of life, resulting in widespread discrimination and persecution.
The Southern Mongolia People’s Party has joined UNPO in an effort to continue their pursuit of this right to self-determination, as well as their rights to control their traditional lands and resources, both of which have become the target of mass exploitation. The Inner Mongolia People’s Party envisions a federal future for China, with all minorities enjoying their inherent right to self-governance.