Ahwazi: Urgent Appeal: Syrian Regime Handed Over Four More Ahwazi-Arab Political Refugees to Iran
[NOTE by UNPO: 18 August 2006 - The UNHCR informs that contrary to what was stated by other sources, it has not received confirmation from
AHRO, 17 August 2006 - Mr. Karim Abdian, Executive Director of the Ahwaz Human Rights Organization addressed an appeal to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees Mr. António Guterres, on the handing over of four Ahwazi-Arab political refugees to
Syrian regime handed over four more Ahwazi-Arab political refugees to
To: Mr. Mr. António Guterres, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Dear High Commissioner,
On Thursday August 10, 2006 the Syrian Human Rights Committee reported that Syrian foreign ministry informed UNHCR office in Damascus that four more Ahwazi-Arab (ethnic Arabs of southwest Iran) were handed over to Iranian Authorities. Their names are as follow:
1. Falleh Abdullah al-Mansouri (60) a UNHCR mandate holder political refugee and a citizen of the
2. Taher Ali Mazraa (42), a UNHCR mandate holder political refugee awaiting relocation.
3. Rasool Ali Mazra (55) UNHCR mandate holder political refugee awaiting relocation.
4. Jamal Obaidawi (32) UNHCR mandate holder political refugee, student in
On May 11 2006, in
Currently, there are about 50 other ethnic Ahwaz-Arab UNHCR-recognized political refugees and asylum seekers in
The arrests and executions of Ahwazi political activists have been widely reported in recent months. In March, Ali Afrawi (17) and Mehdi Nawaseri (20) were publicly executed, while seven other political prisoners were executed in prisons in March and April. On July 25 2006, the Islamic Revolutionary Supreme Court in Tehran approved and ordered the execution of at least 16 out of 32 Ahwazi-Arabs human rights activists (named below) who are being sentenced to death or long time prison sentences. They were all tried in secret, without the presence of international observers. They are accused of being Mohareb or enemies of god, Destablizing the Country, Attempt to Overthrow the Government, Possession of Home Made Bombs and Sabotage of Oil Installations. However, no evidence has been presented in any one of these cases.
Their execution is imminent according to Iranian official news media. [iii]
1. Yahia Nasseri
2. Nazem Boraihi
3. Abdolemam Zaeri
4. Abdolzahar Hilichi
5. Hamza Sawaeri
6. Jafar Sawari
7. Reisan Sawari
8. Abdolreza Nawaseri
9. Ali Motirijejad
10. Abdullh Solymani
11. Mlik banitamimt
12. Abolamir Farjaolh Chaabi
13. Mohammad Chaabpour
14. Khalaf Khozairi (m)
15. Alireza Asakereh
16. Majed Albog hbaish
17. Ghasem Salamat
18. Abdolreza Sanawati (m)
19. Said Hamydan
20. Fahimeh Esmaili Badawi (f) *
21. Toameh Chaab
22. Nasser Farajolah Kia
23. Majid Mazaal
24. Jalil Moghadam
25. Mehdi Saad Nasab
26. Hoda Hedayati Rezaie (Hawashemi) (f)
27. Sharif Asei Nawaseri
28. Jalil Boraihi
29. Mohammad Sawari
30. Abdolreza Salman Delfi
31. Ali Helfi
32. Zamel Bawi
After the Ahwazi Intifada (uprising) of April 15, 20065, more than 25,000 Ahwazis were detained, at least 131 were executed and over 150 disappeared, believed to have been tortured and killed by Iranian security forces. Other measures of oppression such confiscation of Ahwazi Arab farmland, forced displacement, ethnic cleansing and ethnic restructuring have caused a massive influx of Ahwazi Arabs political refugees to neighboring countries such as Syria (one of the few countries that does not require visa of Iranian nationals).
In order to force the return of political refugees, the Iranian government is holding their families including young children hostage in prisons in Khuzestan (al-Ahwaz). Below are a few cases:
1. Masoumeh Kaabi (f) and her sons Imad (m), aged 4, she is the wife of political activists, Habib Nabgan. (Released and re-arrested several times).
2. Sograh Khudayrawi (f) and her son Zeidan (m) aged 4. Her husbands name is Khalaf Khudayrawi, who is currently being held at Sepidar Prison.
3. Sakina Naisi (f), mother of five and wife of Ahwazi opposition activist Ahman Naisi.
4. Hoda Hawashem (f) and her son Osameh (m), aged 2 and her other son Ahmad (m), aged 4 and wife of opposition activist, Habib Faraj-allah [iv].
5. Fahima Ismaili Badawi (f), wife of Ali Matourzadeh is founder of the reformist Hizb-i Vifaq (Unity Party), have been detained since February 28; Fahima gave birth to their daughter, Salma, in Sepidar Prison in Ahwaz in March.
We request that the Office of the UNHCR require that:
1. The Syrian and Iranian governments to respect the international humanitarian treaties and return these political refugees to counties of assigned resettlement.
2. Syrian government stops handing over Ahwazi political refugees to Iran.
3. We urge you to take immediate action to prevent the executions of Ahwazi refugees forcibly returned to Iran.
Karim Abdian, Ph.D
Ahwaz Human Rights Organization