Sep 29, 2020

Catalonia: Spanish Supreme Court Bans Quim Torra from Office


Yesterday, [28 September 2020], the Supreme Court of Spain confirmed the decision of the Spanish Superior Court of Justice in Catalonia to ban the Catalan President Quim Torra from office for having hung a banner in support of Catalan political prisoners during an election campaign. Three out of the five magistrates that took the decision also formed part of the court in the 2019 trial against the Catalan pro-independence civic and political leaders. The case goes beyond the purview of Spain’s Electoral Commission and is a clear violation of freedom of speech and democratic guarantees. 

The case began during the general election of April 2019, when the Spanish Electoral Commission considered that symbols of solidarity with Catalonia’s pro-independence leaders in jail —yellow ribbons and banners — hung on government buildings infringed institutional neutrality. President Torra initially refused to remove them, on the basis that the symbols was within the bounds of freedom of speech. He added that hanging the symbols was a political act, and therefore he was protected by his immunity as a Member of the Catalan Parliament. Even though he was eventually forced to remove the symbols, the Spanish public prosecutor pushed two lawsuits which ended in the decision in December 2019 to oust Torra from office for 18 months and a fine of €30.000. The Spanish Electoral Commission then asked for him to be immediately removed from his position.

Below is a press release by ANC

Spain’s Supreme Court has confirmed the decision of the Spanish Superior Court of Justice in Catalonia to oust Catalan President Quim Torra for having hung a banner in support of Catalan political prisoners during an election campaign. Three out of the five magistrates that took the decision also formed part of the court in the 2019 trial against the Catalan pro-independence civic and political leaders.

The Catalan National Assembly denounces that President Torra’s ousting is  yet another sign of the Spanish authorities’ abuse  of the Catalan national minority, and the disrespect  for international treaties such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. The Spanish authorities cannot go on preaching about the fulfilment of the rule of law while persecuting and imprisoning democratically elected representatives. Mr. Torra’s case is only one in a long list of Catalan elected leaders prosecuted by the Spanish justice system, an injustice that must be recognized and amended.

In March 2020, the United Nations Rapporteur on minority issues, Fernand de Varennes, denounced that the judicial persecution of the Catalan pro-independence leaders, “aimed to intimidate them because of their political views”, and added that “Spain has a legal obligation to protect the rights of the Catalan minority, especially with regard to freedom of expression, including political expression, as well as freedom of assembly and association, fundamental rights and participation in public life.” His call joined those of the Council of Europe, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detentions and organizations such as Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and the International Commission of Jurists, among others.

A violation of freedom of speech and democratic guarantees

The case began during the general election of April 2019, when the Spanish Electoral Commission considered that symbols of solidarity with Catalonia’s pro-independence leaders in jail—yellow ribbons and banners—hung on government buildings infringed institutional neutrality. Despite the symbols having been hung since their imprisonment, they had not been a point of contention up until that point.

President Torra initially refused to remove them, on the basis that the symbols, which denounced the political imprisonment of the civil and political leaders, was within the bounds of freedom of speech. He added that hanging the symbols was a political act, and therefore he was protected by his immunity as a Member of the Catalan Parliament. Even though he was eventually forced to remove the symbols, the Spanish public prosecutor pushed two lawsuits which ended in the decision in December 2019 to oust Torra from office for 18 months and a fine of €30.000.

The Spanish Electoral Commission then asked for him to be immediately removed from his position. As a purely administrative body, this demand was a breach of democratic guarantees, and furthermore removing the President is a right reserved to the Catalan Parliament. This kind of abusive behaviour was reminiscent of the trial against the nine Catalan civic and political leaders for having organized a referendum, spending over 2 years in pre-trial detention and being sentenced from 9 to 13 years amidst international outrage. Besides, one of the members of the Spanish Electoral Commission who took part in the decision was a legal expert who also worked for the Spanish nationalist party Ciudadanos,  it was revealed afterwards.

In June 2020, the Spanish Supreme court prohibited the display of ‘unofficial’ flags on public buildings, denying the decision had any link to Mr. Torra’s case, yet with a clear political intent relating to the Catalan pro-independence movement. This decision also affects civil rights organizations and groups such as the LGBTI+ community, since the rainbow flag is not considered official.