End Enforced Disappearances in China!
Today, on the international Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances, UNPO Member the World Uyghur Congress (WUC) is partnering with other human rights groups to make visible the systemic human rights violations in China. Through the #StopDisappearances campaign on social media, these organisations aim to ensure that none of the efforts of the Chinese government to target, intimidate and retaliate with enforced disappearances will go unchecked, and that journalists, academics, politicians and international organisations have both the means and the moral imperative to speak out. As the Chinese government has been ramping up efforts to oppress dissident voices – both in China and at the United Nations – such a call is imperative in order to end forms of enforced disappearance such as the detention centres in the Xinjiang province.
‘At the moment, we don’t know his whereabouts, which prison he is in, or even if he is alive.’
‘On December 26, 2017, my sister took a flight from Malaysia to our hometown. We have not heard from her since.’
‘For more than 10 years, we have not been able to be together as a family... each time he disappears, our only hope is that he is able to live.’
Beginning in 2011, the international community has dedicated 30 August as an opportunity to raise awareness of enforced disappearances. The stories above are just a few examples of hundreds or thousands of lives affected by this crime.
Today, we remember those gone, and those who are left behind. It is a day to press governments to step up efforts to prevent and investigate disappearances, and support families looking for their loved ones. It is a day to stand in solidarity with all victims of this crime, and call on authorities to hold those responsible to account.
Globally, however, enforced disappearances continue, affecting those most vulnerable, the marginalised or those targeted by state and non-state actors. Often, they can continue is because governments fail to ensure that their citizens are protected, or struggle to combat the crime. In China, however, enforced disappearance has become a tactic explicitly used by the Chinese Communist Party to stifle criticism and threaten dissent.
Put simply, state policies are designed to permit disappearances and perpetuate impunity. This includes the persistent erosion of due process guarantees, such as blocking access by lawyers and family to those detained; extensive use of legalised forms of incommunicado detention, including ‘Residential Surveillance in a Designated Location’; a system of ‘retention in custody’ called liuzhi for Communist Party members and public sector workers; the transition of released prisoners into house arrest or other forms of ‘non-freedom’; and the widespread use of re-education camps in Xinjiang.
Today, we call on the Chinese government to stop all forms of enforced disappearance.
Numerous United Nations human rights experts have raised concerns about the practice of enforced disappearance, including the specific use against Tibetan and Uyghur populations, and against human rights defenders. The Working Group on Arbitrary Detention has noted that these practices could possibly constitute crimes against humanity. Standing with the victims of disappearance is not just about justice. It is about standing up for truth, human dignity, and love.
In addition to urging China to change its practices, including by repealing legal provisions allowing for enforced disappearance in all its forms, we call on the United Nations and Secretary General Antonio Guterres to step up efforts to ensure access by independent human rights experts to all places of detention in China, in particular in Tibetan and Uyghur areas, and to urge China to bring its laws and practices in line with its international commitments.
We urge all States to ensure that victims of enforced disappearance by the Chinese state, whether within the People’s Republic of China or elsewhere, are protected; can seek remedy; and can exercise their right to know the truth about the status of their loved ones.
Photo courtesy of World Uyghur Congress @Twitter