West Papua: Protests Spotlight Demand for Independence Referendum
One week after the violent suppression of demonstrations in the region, protesters gathered once again on Monday in order to denounce racism and reiterate demands for self-determination. While West Papuan leaders are willing to engage in peaceful dialogue, the Indonesian government has been ramping up its efforts to violently suppress the independence movement, imposing an internet lockdown and deploying security forces. Triggered by an episode of racial discrimination involving military officers, who violently arrested and verbally abused Papuan students in their dormitories, the protests have now evolved into a renewed and amplified call for a referendum on West Papuan independence.
The article below was published by Reuters:
Thousands of Papuans staged another series of rallies on Monday in several towns of Indonesia's easternmost region, after protests that erupted last week over perceived ethnic discrimination provoked some calls for independence.
The biggest protests in years led to the torching of a market, a jail and government offices, with about 1,200 police officers flown in to reinforce a region that already has a heavy military presence, due to decades of separatist conflicts.
On Monday, about 5,000 people took to the streets of Deiyai, a town about 500 km (310 miles) from the provincial capital of Jayapura, carrying four Morning Star flags, a banned symbol used by independence supporters, said protest organizer Yosep Iyai.
"At a local government office, the Morning Star flags were raised for 1-1/2 hours," Iyai told Reuters by telephone, adding that the protest went off peacefully.
A video posted on Twitter by human rights lawyer Veronica Koman showed thousands of Papuans, some in traditional clothes, marching through a street in Deiyai, carrying sticks, bows and arrows.
Last week's demonstrations were triggered by a racist slur against Papuan students, who were hit by tear gas in their dormitory and detained in the city of Surabaya on Indonesia's main island of Java on Aug. 17.
Authorities have suspended five soldiers being investigated over the incident, said Imam Hariyadi, a spokesman for the East Java military.
But some protest rallies grew into a broader demand for an independence vote.
Referendum calls "were the people's aspiration", Papua Governor Lukas Enembe told reporters on Monday, after meeting President Joko Widodo in Jakarta.
He and the governor of neighboring West Papua are to discuss the referendum demands in a meeting with Widodo, he added. Widodo has previously said he wanted to meet Papuan leaders this week.
"The Papuans are proud and dignified people and racism isn't something that is desired in any country, including Indonesia," Enembe added.
Rallies were also held in the regions of Paniai and Dogiyai in the province, broadcaster CNN Indonesia said.
It cited an activist who estimated 30,000 Papuans participated, while Papuan news website Jubi.co.id said there were 7,000 demonstrators in the town of Wamena.
Telephone calls and text messages did not get through to a spokesman for Papuan police, but state news agency Antara quoted Papua police chief Rudolf Rodja as saying the demonstrations were over and security established by afternoon.
Jakarta has cut internet access in the region since Wednesday, to stop people sharing "provocative" messages that could trigger more violence, a step criticized by rights group and journalists, who said it had made reporting difficult.
Papua and West Papua provinces, the resource-rich western part of the island of New Guinea, were a Dutch colony that was incorporated into Indonesia after a widely criticized U.N.-backed referendum in 1969.
Foreign journalists' access to the restive region has been limited, despite an announcement by Widodo in 2015 that Papua was open to foreign media.
Photo courtesy of Antara Foto/Reuters