Jul 15, 2019

Compromised Space for Unrepresented Peoples at the United Nations


On 17 July 2019 the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) is launching a report, Compromised Space: Bullying and Blocking at the UN Human Rights Mechanisms, with its partners at the University of Oxford and Tibet Justice Centre which details how China, Russia, Iran and other repressive regimes are manipulating the United Nations Human Rights System to block and attack those seeking to hold them accountable for gross human rights violations perpetrated against minorities, indigenous communities and other unrepresented peoples.

The report will be launched on the sides of the Ministerial to Advance Religious Freedom, with testimony from activists working for the Assyrian people in the Middle East, the Kurdish people in Iran, the Uyghur people in China and the Crimean Tatar people in Russian-occupied Crimea. Each of these people are suffering persecution, not only at home in part on the basis of their religious beliefs, but also when they operate at the international level, particularly at the United Nations. 

The report is based on three years of study conducted by the UNPO and its partners at the University of Oxford and the Tibet Justice Center, supported by the UK’s Economic and Social Research Council. It is based largely on interviews and testimonies from 77 human rights defenders working on behalf of minorities, indigenous communities and other people living in nation states whose political systems do not create governance structures representative of all. 

It identifies a systemic attack on the United Nations human rights system by these governments, led largely by China, Russia and Iran, designed to shield them from accountability for human rights violations and crimes against humanity. This includes efforts to deny civil society groups participatory status at the UN (so called “ECOSOC status”), to bully and block them when they are able to access the UN, to crowd out the UN space with “GONGOs” - government-sponsored organisations posing as NGOs - and to harass, intimidate and take reprisals against activists and their families, whether at home or abroad. 

Among the indicative findings of the report are the facts that:

China has regularly detained or imprisoned activists from its Southern Mongolian, Uyghur and Tibetan communities who have sought to travel to the UN, with such success that, for example, no Tibetan from Tibet who is acting independently of the Chinese government has ever managed to leave Chinese- occupied Tibet to testify at the UN in Geneva or New York, and then return safely;

Russia, in order to shield itself from accountability for its crimes in Russian-occupied Crimea, has asked for rules of participation in forums, such as the UN Minority Forum, to be changed to restrict NGO participation to groups acceptable to Russia, and its Crimea occupation authorities have attacked Crimean Tatar activists and destroyed or confiscated their passports in order to prevent their travel;

Iran regularly engages in practices designed to intimidate activists from their minority communities, even while they are operating within the United Nations buildings, and have taken out reprisals against the family members of these activists still living within the Islamic Republic of Iran.

The story of Dolkun Isa, President of the World Uyghur Congress and Vice President of the UNPO, is indicative of all of these actions. Mr. Isa and his organization have regularly been denied ECOSOC status at the United Nations, his access to the UN buildings and events have been restricted due to Chinese demands, he and his supporters have been followed and harassed in the UN building, his mother was held in China’s anti-Muslim concentration camps as a result of his work and for many years his ability to travel freely around the world was frustrated by Chinese efforts to involve European and other states in his persecution by falsely labelling him a “terrorist”.

Reacting to the launch of the report, UNPO’s General Secretary, Ralph Bunche, stated that “the report presents the disturbing finding that the United Nations Human Rights system, which is the only outlet for many peoples living under repressive regimes to seek accountability for crimes committed against them, is being systemically undermined by perpetrator regimes. Unfortunately, democratic states are not doing nearly enough to push back against this phenomenon and in some instances are even adopting the conduct that we see from the repressive states. The withdrawal of the USA from the UN’s Human Rights Council has certainly not helped matters, but other states are simply not doing enough to counter this problem and protect human rights defenders.”

 

DOWNLOAD THE REPORT HERE

 

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For more information about this report, to talk with the report authors, or to contact the human rights defender whose stories are detailed in this report, please contact:

James Mackle, Programme Officer, UNPO at j.mackle@unpo.org

Professor Fiona McConnell, Oxford University at  fiona.mcconnell@ouce.ox.ac.uk

Iona Liddell, Executive Director of Tibet Justice Centre at execdir@tibetjustice.org  

 

The details of the launch event are as follows:

Compromised Space: How the UN is Becoming an Ever More Dangerous Place for Representatives of Religious and Other Minorities

17 July 2019 | 11:00 - 12:00

Second Stage, Marvin Center, George Washington University

Continental Ballroom (3rd Floor), 800 21st St. NW, Washington, DC 20052

RSVP/INFO: Fernando Burges, Head of Research and Policy, UNPO at f.burges@unpo.org 



 

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