UNPO Observes International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples 2018
Today, Thursday 9 August 2018, is the 24th International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples since its creation by the United Nations in December 1994. The date was chosen because it marks the first meeting of the UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations in 1982. For the occasion, the United Nations’ Indigenous Peoples and Development Branch is hosting a commemorative event at the UN headquarters in New York, USA.
The Unrepresented Nations and People’s Organisation stands with indigenous people worldwide and welcomes this date as a reminder of the numerous struggles they face, as well as their resilience and determination in overcoming them. The 2018 theme of “Indigenous People’s Migration and Movement” illustrates the consequences of the persecution and economic disenfranchisement many indigenous peoples face. Whether they are fleeing discrimination or state-sponsored violence, or have been forcibly removed from their lands by profiteers, many indigenous groups now find themselves separated from their ancestral lands and culture without hope of return. With migrant and refugee rights an ongoing crisis, it is more important than ever to consider the social, culture and economic impacts of displacement, particularly in relation to indigenous peoples.
Over the past year, UNPO has continued its work advocating on behalf of its members; this has included addressing open letters to EU officials on the plight of the Hmong and submitting reports to the UN on the human rights violations perpetrated against Tibetans. It also sent a mission to Rwanda to observe the treatment of the Batwa minority, and organised conferences on issues faced by the Oromo and the Khmer Krom among other projects.
Furthermore, UNPO welcomes the UN’s decision to make 2019 the International Year of Indigenous Languages, which it hopes will shed light on the linguistic treasures of indigenous communities and the value of preserving them.
The article below was published by the United Nations:
There are an estimated 370 million indigenous people in the world, living across 90 countries. They make up less than 5 per cent of the world's population, but account for 15 per cent of the poorest. They speak an overwhelming majority of the world’s estimated 7,000 languages and represent 5,000 different cultures.
Indigenous peoples are inheritors and practitioners of unique cultures and ways of relating to people and the environment. They have retained social, cultural, economic and political characteristics that are distinct from those of the dominant societies in which they live. Despite their cultural differences, indigenous peoples from around the world share common problems related to the protection of their rights as distinct peoples.
Indigenous peoples have sought recognition of their identities, way of life and their right to traditional lands, territories and natural resources for years, yet throughout history their rights have always been violated. Indigenous peoples today, are arguably among the most disadvantaged and vulnerable groups of people in the world. The international community now recognizes that special measures are required to protect their rights and maintain their distinct cultures and way of life.
2018 Theme: Indigenous peoples’ migration and movement
As a result of loss of their lands, territories and resources due to development and other pressures, many indigenous peoples migrate to urban areas in search of better prospects of life, education and employment. They also migrate between countries to escape conflict, persecution and climate change impacts. Despite the widespread assumption that indigenous peoples live overwhelmingly in rural territories, urban areas are now home to a significant proportion of indigenous populations. In Latin America, around 40 per cent of all indigenous peoples live in urban areas — even 80 per cent in some countries of the region. In most cases, indigenous peoples who migrate find better employment opportunities and improve their economic situation but alienate themselves from their traditional lands and customs. Additionally, indigenous migrants face a myriad of challenges, including lack of access to public services and additional layers of discrimination.
The 2018 theme will focus on the current situation of indigenous territories, the root causes of migration, trans-border movement and displacement, with a specific focus on indigenous peoples living in urban areas and across international borders. The observance will explore the challenges and ways forward to revitalize indigenous peoples’ identities and encourage the protection of their rights in or outside their traditional territories.
The observance of the International Day will take place on Thursday 9 August 2018 from 3:00 pm to 6:00 pm in the ECOSOC Chamber at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. The programme can be found in Events. More information in the Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) page.
International Year of Indigenous Languages
Languages play a crucially important role in the daily lives of all peoples, are pivotal in the areas of human rights protection, peace building and sustainable development, through ensuring cultural diversity and intercultural dialogue. However, despite their immense value, languages around the world continue to disappear at an alarming rate due to a variety of factors. Many of them are indigenous languages.
Indigenous languages in particular are a significant factor in a wide range of other indigenous issues, notably education, scientific and technological development, biosphere and the environment, freedom of expression, employment and social inclusion.
In response to these threats, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted a Resolution (A/RES/71/178) on ‘Rights of Indigenous Peoples’, proclaiming 2019 as the International Year of Indigenous Languages.