Feb 06, 2018

Ethiopia: Human Rights Activist Bekele Gerba Risks Losing Eyesight in Inhumane Detention Conditions

Photo courtesy of  Oromia Movies

Fellow activists have launched an online campaign asking for immediate medical care and the release of Bekele Gerba, deputy chairperson of the opposition Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC). Jailed in the Qilinto prison since December 2015, he is suffering from severe medical conditions including hypertension, resulting in a progressive loss of eyesight. Despite a medical referral, prison authorities refuse to let him seek medical treatment and his eyesight is worsening rapidly. Bekele Gerba was supposed to be set free in a recent case of political prisoner’s release, yet he remains in custody without any further information about his future.

The following article was published by OPride:

Ethiopian activists on Thursday [1 February 2018] launched an online campaign demanding the release of and immediate medical treatment for jailed Oromo opposition leader, Bekele Gerba. The campaign is themed, “Bekele Gerba’s eye is our eye. He won’t lose his sight while we watch idly.”

Bekele, the deputy chairperson of the opposition Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC), is at risk of losing his eyesight due to hypertension and other health issues. The Qilinto prison administration, where he has been held since December 2015 accused, among other things, of inciting the #OromoProtests, have refused to allow Bekele to seek medical treatment at a local private clinic despite a referral from government hospital in the capital, Addis Ababa.

Bekele, a champion of nonviolent movement and who during previous prison term translated Martin Luther King’s speeches to Afaan Oromo, was widely expected to be released as part of government amnesty announced last month. However, so far, authorities have remained tight-lipped about whether his release and the release of other prominent political prisoners is forthcoming. Merera Gudina, the chairperson of OFC, was released 12 days ago.

“The doctors told us Bekele needs specialized doctors to treat his retinal blood vessels which are severely damaged due to a high blood pressure he has been experiencing since his detention, which has not been treated,” his distraught daughter, Bontu, told Addis Standard on Thursday [1 February 2018] “We don’t know what is going to happen, my father’s left eye vision is completely blurred and he is in pain.”

At the last check-up, Bekele’s blood pressure reportedly came in at 190/110, which according to Addis Standard, “is considered hypertensive crisis or an emergency.” 

A quick timeline of Bekele’s ordeal:

Bekele was detained in December 2015 for allegedly inciting the popular Oromo protests. Bekele was charged in April 2016 along with 21 defendants that included defendants Dejene Fita Geleta, Secretary General of OFC, and Gurmesa Ayano, another senior member, with various articles of the country’s sweeping Anti-Terrorism Proclamation. A federal high court in July acquitted five of the 22 defendants, and reduced the terrorism charge against Bekele to crime charges under article 257/A of the 2004 Criminal Code. In August, a panel of three judges at the Federal High Court denied Bekele’s request for bail. On Oct. 30, 2017, the  Supreme Court overruled the high court decision and granted Bekele bail on appeal. The court ordered Bekele’s release pursuant the posting of bail bond for 30, 000 birr (about $1, 000.) On Oct. 31, the Qilinto prison administration refused to release Bekele claiming that the file number was incorrect. On Nov. 1, the high instance court, also known as cassaction bench, suspended the bail. Bekele was asked to file a response.


Please find linked a Timeline of the Human Rights situation in Ethiopia by UNPO