Pakistan: Authorities Scan Social Media for Purported “Blasphemy”, Sentencing Alleged Perpetrators to Death
Photo Courtesy Of Al Jazeera English
Pakistan has one of the strictest anti-blasphemy laws in the Muslim world. The last victim of these harsh provisions is Taimoor Raza, who belongs to Pakistan’s Shia minority. Raza was accused of allegedly spreading blasphemy and hate speech on Facebook. Social Media are increasingly being searched by the Pakistani authorities under the pretence of “counter-terrorism” action, a worrying development with severe repercussion on freedom of expression and speech. Taimoor Raza has been sentenced to death, the first time that the capital punishment is being used in a case involving social media’.
Below is an article published by Al Jazeera English:
A Pakistani court has sentenced to death a man who allegedly committed blasphemy on Facebook, a prosecutor said, in a first such case that involves social media.
The conviction of Taimoor Raza, 30, came after a high-profile crackdown against blasphemy on social media by the government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.
Blasphemy is a highly sensitive topic in Muslim-majority Pakistan, where insulting the Prophet Muhammad is a capital crime for which dozens are sitting on death row. Even mere accusations are enough to spark mass uproar and mob justice.
Shafiq Qureshi, public prosecutor in Bahawalpur, south of provincial capital Lahore, said Raza was convicted for allegedly making derogatory remarks against Prophet Muhammad, his wives and companions.
"An anti-terrorism court of Bahawalpur has awarded him the death sentence," Qureshi told Reuters news agency, adding: "It is the first-ever death sentence in a case that involves social media."
It is rare for a counter-terrorism court to hear blasphemy cases but Raza's trial fell under this category because his charge sheet included counter-terrorism offences linked to hate speech.
Qureshi said Raza was arrested after playing blasphemous and hate speech material on his phone on a bus stop in Bahawalpur, where a counter-terrorism officer arrested him and confiscated his phone.
The material obtained from the phone led to Raza's conviction, he added.
"The trial was conducted in Bahawapur jail in tight security," Qureshi said.
Qureshi added that Raza belongs to the minority Shia community and in court he accused of spreading "hate speech" against the Deobani sect, which adheres to a strict school of Sunni Islam.
Several other violent incidents linked to blasphemy accusations have alarmed human rights groups and activists in recent months.
Police are currently investigating over 20 students and some faculty members in connection with the killing of Mashal Khan, a student who was beaten to death on April  following a dorm debate about religion - an attack that shocked the country.
Since then, parliament has discussed adding safeguards to the blasphemy laws, a move seen as groundbreaking in Pakistan where political leaders have been assassinated for even discussing changes.
As Raza's blasphemy conviction was under the counter-terrorism court, he will be able to appeal his sentence in the High Court and later in the Supreme Court.
There have been at least 71 murders over unproven allegations since 1990, according to figures from a research centre and independent records kept by Reuters.