Ogaden: Victims of Abuse and Terror
Ogaden victims are unable to speak out against Ethiopian troops human rights violations, carried out using European funds.
The article below was published by The Bureau of Investigative Journalism
An ongoing struggle for autonomy is being fought between the outlawed Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) and the Ethiopian military but it is not just ONLF members who are being brutalised.
An undercover investigation by the Bureau and the BBC’s Newsnight provides new evidence of ongoing brutal human rights abuses by Ethiopian government forces.
In 2007 the Ethiopian army launched a counterinsurgency campaign in the Ogaden.
Human Rights Watch and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) produced before and after satellite images of villages razed to the ground.
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Today the area is a no-go zone for foreigners, the media and aid agencies. Instead, it is kept under strict Ethiopian government control, making it difficult to assess what is going on.
But in Dadaab, the largest refugee camp in the world in northern Kenya, there are thousands, who have fled from the Ogaden region, claiming to have been subjected to horrific abuses by Ethiopian government troops.
A grandmother in her 50s, told us that she was one of more than 100 civilians seized from her village in the Ogaden by government forces in 2009. Some of the villagers were killed, including her son, and others were taken to jail.
While in detention she was thrown into a pit of snakes. But she says ‘the snake was the easy part because I was raped’ by ‘a queue’ of soldiers.
‘They raped me in a room, one of them was standing on my mouth, and one tied my hand, they were taking turns, I fainted during this.’
Another victim described how she was eight months pregnant when government forces arrested her, then raped and beat her until she lost her baby.
The woman described seeing a man who had been tortured so badly ‘his tongue and eyes were out’.
Torture and the international community
In a 2010 report the UN Committee Against Torture stated concern about
numerous, ongoing and consistent allegations concerning the routine use of torture by state security officers against political dissidents and opposition party members, students, alleged terrorist suspects and alleged supporters of insurgent groups such as the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) and the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF).’
Despite this aid to the region continues to be given by the EU and controlled by the Ethiopian state.
Abdifatah Arab Olad, leader of the Ogaden people in Dadaab, said: ‘Ethiopia gets funds for this region [the Ogaden] and it’s used to destroy the people of this region, and the world is watching and nobody is speaking out.’
Recently the ONLF’s status as a terrorist organisation means that all individuals who associate with the group are at risk of being arrested on terrorism charges.
*All names have been changed to protect identities.