East Turkestan: Human Rights Shadow over Beijing Games
Athletes who were either in the stadium or watching and dreaming at home will be sustained until 2008 by the prospect of Olympic glory in Beijing.
But for Mr Rogge and the movement he leads the road to the Chinese capital promises to be a rocky one.
The decision to take the games to the world's most populous country may have gone down well with the sponsors and broadcasters who fund the greatest show on Earth, but it has ensured a torrent of criticism from politicians and protesters concerned about human rights abuses in China.
Athens saw protests from the Free Tibet Campaign and others in response to reports that the authorities in Beijing had arrested a number of Catholics and Buddhists during the first week of the games.
A "Free Tibet" banner was unfurled during a diving final last weekend and activist groups, including the World Uyghur Congress, which speaks for people in East Turkestan, and Olympic Watch, which monitors the IOC's ethical stance, called for a silent protest when the Olympic flag was handed over to the Chinese delegation last night.
Erkin Alptekin, president of the WUC, said: "The Olympic flag symbolises peace, harmony and solidarity among various nations. Athens is the source of democracy, rule of law and human rights.
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"For the last 50 years, how ever, Beijing has been turned into a centre of oppression, arbitrary arrest and execution."
The Beijing games would be a nightmare for thousands of Uyghurs, Tibetans and Chinese dissidents, he said.
"Because, under the pretext of 'security', the Chinese leaders are preparing themselves to detain, torture and even execute hundreds of Uyghurs, Tibetans and Chinese dissidents during the Olympic games in 2008."
Speaking before the closing ceremony, Mr Rogge said the IOC was in full support of human rights, and the Chinese themselves had acknowledged that the games would help change their society.
"The IOC is always in favour of maximum application of human rights," he said. "We have clearly said that the position of the IOC is that human rights should be respected in full. But it is not up to the IOC to monitor human rights, we are not inspectors."
The 2008 games offer the sponsoring multinationals an unprecedented opportunity to penetrate China's vast emerging market. And to the Chinese they will be a huge vehicle for national pride.
Yesterday Chinese athletes in Athens received a message of thanks from Beijing for a record display which had secured 31 gold medals by yesterday morning.
"The motherland is proud of you, and the people are proud of you," the state council (cabinet) said.
"The excellent performance by China's athletes again shows the spirit of the Chinese nation's unremitting efforts to improve itself ... The motherland and the people thank you and look forward to your triumphant return."