December 14, 2016

Brazil: Munduruku Indigenous People Demand Land Rights

Photo Courtesy of Greenpeace

Representatives of the Munduruku indigenous people have travelled to Brasilia to request the official recognition of the Sawré Muybu Indigenous Land on the Tapajós River. This move happens against the background of the Brazilian government planning a series of dams which would flood areas of the Amazon rainforest, thereby threatening indigenous people’s way of life. In an interview conducted by Greenpeace with Maria Leusa Munduruku, the latter shed a light on protests taking place in front of the Palace of Justice in Brasilia. Ms Leusa mentioned that the Minister of Justice has not yet agreed to meet with them, whilst the president of FUNAI (the Brazilian Indigenous Rights Agency) met with them merely to justify the delay in approving their demarcation request with a lack of staff. Nonetheless, the Munduruku are not losing hope. Many people support their cause and, since the interview, they have met with both the Federal Regional Court and the Federal Supreme Court.

 

Below is an article published by Greenpeace:

On November 27 [2016], the Munduruku Indigenous People traveled from their home in the Amazon to Brazil’s capital to demand the official recognition of the Sawré Muybu Indigenous Land on the Tapajós River. The Brazilian government is planning a series of dams that would flood portions of the Amazon rainforest and threaten their way of life. Maria Leusa Munduruku spoke with Vânia Alves from Greenpeace Brazil about the journey from her home to Brasília to demand protection of their traditional lands. Here is her story:

These are days of struggle for the Munduruku people. I left home with the other women on November 20 [2016], for a meeting about our participation in the struggle for Indigenous rights. We spent four days preparing ourselves for the protest and for the meetings that we would have in Brasilia with the Brazilian Ministry of Justice. On the 23rd we met the men and started our trip to Brasilia. We traveled four days and four nights to get here. We are a group of 22 women, eight children and about 60 warriors.

In front of the Palace of Justice, we placed large red letters on the lawn to send out our message — “Demarcation right now”. We also left 180 arrows on the lawn to remind the Ministry of Justice that their 180-day deadline is over. Now the government needs to recognize our right to our traditional land.

I brought my four-month old baby to Brasilia and left my other four children in the village. We have to defend our Amazon, because it is not only our Tapajós River, it is all the rivers in the Amazon that are being affected. We've seen other rivers die, so we do not want that to happen to our Tapajós.

We want to make it clear to the government that we, Indigenous women, are all of the same blood and our claim is the same: to defend our territory, our river and our forest, which is our mother. Because of the government, our forest is shedding tears. Tears that fall like milk from our breast.

We have seen that many people are supporting us and this strengthens our fight. The Minister of Justice has not yet agreed to meet with us since we arrived in Brasilia. The president of FUNAI (the Brazilian Indigenous Rights Agency, Agostinho do Nascimento Netto) was sent to speak with us and said that FUNAI does not have enough staff to review all demarcation requests and therefore has not yet sent the documents to the Ministry of Justice for review. But I am confident that the Minister of Justice (Alexandre de Moraes) will welcome us. We do not believe that the minister will refuse us who have come from so far.

UPDATE: The Munduruku were also received by the Federal Regional Court and the Federal Supreme Court. Meanwhile, the Minister of Justice, Alexandre de Moraes, ignored the presence of the Munduruku in Brasilia.

Add your name to stand with the Munduruku people as they seek the rights to protect their traditional lands.

Maria Leusa Munduruku is an Indigenous leader from the Munduruku Land in the Brazilian Amazon. Maria was interviewed by Vânia Alves from Greenpeace Brazil.